In this practical tip we explain what the keys on the keyboard mean. If you are wondering what special keys like [Ctrl] or [Alt] are used for besides the usual letter keys, you will find an explanation of the Windows keyboard in the following article.

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In this practical tip we explain what the keys on the keyboard mean. If you’re wondering what special keys like [Ctrl] or [Alt] are for besides the common letter keys, see the following article for an explanation of the Windows keyboard.

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Overview of the most important keys on the keyboard

Some keys on the keyboard have double assignments. With certain key combinations, these can fulfill different functions. Here you will first learn more about keys such as [Ctrl] and [Alt], which you often encounter in combination with other keys.

  1. On the bottom left of the keyboard you will find [Ctrl] or [Ctrl]. If you just press this button, nothing happens. If, on the other hand, you select the button in question in connection with a button from the number row, you can insert special characters. If you select [Ctrl] + [F] at the same time, the search in the document opens.
  2. The Windows key is right next to the control key. This opens the Metro interface or the Windows start menu. On some keyboards there is an [Fn] key in between, which you can use to activate special keys. You can read more about this in the third paragraph.
  3. The [alt] key is useful in combination with the Tab key (to the left of the [Q] key) to switch between all open applications.< /li>
  4. The largest key on the keyboard is the spacebar (bottom center). This inserts a space. In most video players, you can pause playback with the spacebar.
  5. To the right of the spacebar is [Alt Gr]. If you press this key together with a number key, you write special characters. This assignment varies depending on the keyboard.
  6. As the last key on the number block, you will find a second [Strg] or [Ctrl] key on the right. This has the same task as the one in point 1.
  7. Between the Tab key and the left control key are Shift (also Caps Lock) and the capital letter key. [Shift] is the name of the top key with the down arrow because it activates permanent capitalization. You disable this function by pressing the key again.
  8. If you select the uppercase key under [Shift] in combination with a letter or number, either capitalize it or type one of the special characters available on the key a.

Number pad and special keys: These keys are on the keyboard

The number block is often located to the right of the letter block. To use this as input, first press the [Num] key above it. You can now use the number pad like the number keys on the left of the keyboard. This is especially useful if you want to enter a lot of numbers.

  1. Use the mathematical operators around the number block to calculate in the pocket calculator.
  2. Above the number block you will find two [image]- Keys, each with an arrow up and an arrow down. Use this to scroll up or down a certain amount in a document or browser window.
  3. You jump to the end of the document when you press the [End] key. In contrast, you navigate with [Home] to the beginning of the document.
  4. The Enter key is one of the largest keys on the keyboard, along with the space bar, and is located directly to the left of the number pad. This confirms your entries. A second Enter key with an identical function can be found at the bottom right next to the numeric keypad.
  5. If you want to remove a letter in front of the cursor, select [Del]. If you want to delete the character behind it, press Backspace, the left arrow above the Enter key.
  6. The [Press S-Rq] key triggers a screenshot that you can use in an editor like Paint using the key combination [Ctrl] + [V].
  7. Use the four arrow keys between the number pad and the character pad to navigate in documents and games.

Keyboard: This is what the keys mean

Windows keyboard simply explained: Which keys are for what

Many keyboards have special keys that you can configure yourself. These so-called macros are particularly popular with gaming keyboards. You often configure them via bundled software.

  1. You will see the abbreviation [Esc], short for “Escape”, at the top left. This closes windows and cancels processes.
  2. The function keys are right next to it. Depending on the keyboard, there are additional special keys that you activate in combination with the [Fn] key. You can use the latter to regulate the volume, screen brightness and flight mode.
  3. Usually you activate the F keys by pressing them without [Fn]. [F1] opens the help menu in most programs.
  4. If you select a file and press [F2], you can rename the file.
  5. Press [F3], open the Windows search function. Note: If you are using Windows 8, you can only enter the term in the Metro interface to activate the search function.
  6. The [F4] key is interesting in connection with [alt]. If you press both at the same time, the current window closes.

Other function keys on the keyboard

If you are in the browser, update the page content with [F5].

  1. If you simultaneously press [Ctrl] or [Ctrl] on an English keyboard in combination with [F6], you can switch between different documents in Office switch.
  2. [F7] is not configured in the operating system by default. Depending on the additional software, it takes on a meaning afterwards.
  3. The [F8] key is worth it if you want to boot Windows Safe Mode. To do this, restart your Windows PC and press the [F8] key when it starts up.
  4. Similar to the [F7] key, [F9] only has a function when required.
  5. If you want to switch to the menu bar in a program, you can do this by pressing [F10].
  6. Press the [F11] key to switch between normal display and full-screen mode.
  7. < li>The last function key [F12] is similar to the keys [F7] and [F9].

Video: Keyboard misaligned – how to solve the problem


If you have adjusted your keyboard so that, for example, the letters “Y” and “Z” are swapped, we will show you how to set the keyboard correctly again.

In a picture gallery we present the best key combinations for Windows 7

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Top 50 Computer Keyboard Shortcut Keys | Computer Shortcut Keys | Top Keys | Best Keys | Alpha Bit


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  • Post date: 2019-03-30
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    Learn how to use “The Keyboard” and get more techniques from this video.
    Keyboard Shortcuts must read & Share this video.

    Keyboard Shortcuts (Microsoft Windows)

    1. CTRL+C (Copy)

    2. CTRL+X (Cut)

    3. CTRL+V (Paste)

    4. CTRL+Z (Undo)

    5. DELETE (Delete)

    6. SHIFT+DELETE (Delete the selected item permanently without placing the item in the Recycle

    7. CTRL while dragging an item (Copy the selected item)

    8. CTRL+SHIFT while dragging an item (Create a shortcut to the selected item)

    9. F2 key (Rename the selected item)

    10. CTRL+RIGHT ARROW (Move the insertion point to the beginning of the next word)

    11. CTRL+LEFT ARROW (Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous word)

    12. CTRL+DOWN ARROW (Move the insertion point to the beginning of the next paragraph)

    13. CTRL+UP ARROW (Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous paragraph)

    14. CTRL+SHIFT with any of the arrow keys (Highlight a block of text)
    SHIFT with any of the arrow keys (Select more than one item in a window or on the desktop, or select text in a document)

    15. CTRL+A (Select all)

    16. F3 key (Search for a file or a folder)

    17. ALT+ENTER (View the properties for the selected item)

    18. ALT+F4 (Close the active item, or quit the active program)

    19. ALT+ENTER (Display the properties of the selected object)

    20. ALT+SPACEBAR (Open the shortcut menu for the active window)

    21. CTRL+F4 (Close the active document in programs that enable you to have multiple documents open simultaneously)

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